The Oslo Peace Accords were the bilateral agreements that are signed in the Washington following some negotiations, and part of this was clandestine, which is between the PLO and Israel. This signed accepted agreement was called the ‘Declaration of Principles on Interim Self Government Arrangements.’ Its primary concern was Israeli withdrawal away from the major territories of Samaria, Judea, and Gaza Strip; to allow an establishment of Palestinian Authority aimed for self government for interim period, and until the permanent arrangements will be established.
How it Started
The procedure started in January 1993, in one meeting with 2 Israelis – Dr. Ron Pundak and Dr. Yair Hirschfeld, as well as the Palestinian representatives that are being headed by Abu Alaa or Ahmed Qurei. The main contact between these groups has been made through some Norwegian mediators, the ones who contacted and reached Dr. MK Yossi Beilin. After a while, Beilin was then appointed as Deputy Minister of the Foreign Affairs, and officially acknowledged and recognized these talks, while still depicting these as unofficial.
The English translation of the ‘Declaration of Principles’ consists of seventeen typewritten pages of various articles, minutes, annexes, and protocols. It is a detailed type of program for the potential establishment of ‘Palestinian Interim Self Governing Authority’ in Gaza and West Bank. This serves as interim measure aimed for the term of five year, as originally and primarily contemplated by Camp David Accords of 1978.
On October 13, 1993, authority of Gaza and Jericho area to be relocated or transferred from Israel to authorized Palestinians for this task.
On December 1993 – January 1994, the military forces of Israeli withdrawn from Jericho and Gaza. In addition to that, there is Palestinian police recruited from abroad and locally to assume the responsibility of internal security as well as public order. And a temporary foreign or international presence in Jericho and Gaza as ‘agreed upon.’ And on July 13, 1994, the Israeli forces of West Bank are to be redeployed outside the polluted areas and as the Palestinian forces assume responsibility. The accords back then, are controversial in Israel public as well as in Knesset. The left wing sides were very supportive, but the right wing sides were very critical.
What Was Accomplished
In essence, this accords called for the withdrawal of the Israeli forces from areas of West Bank and Gaza Strip, and has affirmed Palestinian right to self government in those areas by the development of Palestinian Interim Self Government Authority. Major issues like Jerusalem, Israeli settlements, Palestinian refugees, and borders and security were also to be recognized and decided at the permanent status negotiations. The Oslo Peace Accords contains seventeen articles, and four annexes. This accord also contains explanations of articles in regard to the Accord.
In 1994, the Israeli Prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, PLO chairman Yasser Arafat, and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, received Nobel Peace Prize award following the agreement signing of Oslo Accords intended for their dedicated and efforts of creating peace in Middle East. This is the Oslo Peace Accords summary, which some people still discuss today.